Arthritis is a common health condition involving chronic inflammation in your joints. It causes pain and damage to joints, bones, and other body parts depending on the type –
- Osteoarthritis, is the most common which is noninflammatory.
- Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and psoriatic arthritis are inflammatory conditions that are considered autoimmune diseases.
- Gout is another common type of inflammatory arthritis
Foods to Avoid
Here are a few foods and beverages to avoid if you have arthritis –
- Added Sugars: Processed sugars can prompt the release of cytokines, which act as inflammatory messengers in the body.
- Saturated fats: Foods high in saturated fat can cause inflammation in the fat tissue, this can make arthritis inflammation worse.
- Processed foods: They contain high levels of inflammatory markers like interleukin-6 (IL-6), C-reactive protein (CRP), and homocysteine.
- Gluten: Gluten is a group of proteins in wheat, barley, rye, and triticale which increases inflammation.
- AGEs: Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) in high amounts in your body result in oxidative stress and inflammation that leads to disease progression in people with arthritis.
Foods to Include
People with osteoarthritis can try adding the following foods to their diet to ease their symptoms:
- Fatty Fishes: Fatty fish varieties such as salmon, mackerel, sardines and trout are high in omega-3 fatty acids, which have potent anti-inflammatory effects.
- Garlic: It has anti-inflammatory effects that may help decrease symptoms of arthritis.
- Oils: Extra virgin olive oil contains high levels of oleocanthal, which may have similar properties to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).
- Broccoli: Sulforaphane is a compound found in broccoli that blocks the formation of a type of cell involved in rheumatoid arthritis development.
- Nuts: They are high in omega-3 fatty acids, which have been shown to decrease the symptoms of arthritis
Certain foods and nutrients can improve the symptoms of osteoarthritis. They do this by fighting inflammation, providing nutrition, and boosting bone, muscle, and immune system function.