Diabetes is a condition where insulin is unable to properly regulate blood sugar levels. In addition to various symptoms, such as tiredness, vision problems, and increased thirst and urination, diabetes also increases the risk of many serious complications, such as heart disease, stroke, and kidney disease.
Types of Diabetes :
Causes for Development of Diabetes
Diabetes develops when the body cannot make enough insulin or use it properly. However, there are also other additional factors –
Insulin: It occurs when insulin-producing cells are damaged or destroyed and stop producing insulin. In type 2 diabetes, the insulin is produced normally in the pancreas, but the body is still unable move glucose into the cells for fuel.
Genetics: It plays a role in determining how likely you are to develop some type of diabetes. Statistics show that if you have a parent or sibling with diabetes, your odds of developing it yourself increase.
Age: Risk of developing type 2 diabetes increases as you age and goes up after age 45 in particular. Contributing factors include reduced exercise, decreased muscle mass, and weight gain as you age.
Obesity: Excess body fat can cause insulin resistance. Fatty tissue may cause inflammation that can lead to insulin resistance.
Unhealthy diet: Poor nutrition may contribute to type 2 diabetes. A diet high in calories, fat, and cholesterol increases your body’s resistance to insulin.
Lack of Physical Activity: Exercise makes muscle tissue respond better to insulin. This is why regular aerobic exercise and resistance training can lower your diabetes risk.
Hormonal Conditions: Although rare, certain hormonal conditions such as Cushing’s syndrome, acromegaly, hyperthyroidism can also lead to diabetes.
Pre-diabetes, is reversible through lifestyle changes and treatments. Other types of diabetes, are currently without a cure. However, regular insulin medication can help to manage symptoms and reduce the risk of complications.