Ulcerative colitis (UC) is an inflammatory bowel disease that causes cramping and chronic diarrhea. Triggers like certain foods and beverages and stress can worsen these symptoms and they vary from person to person.
It can often be managed with medication, but paying attention to your diet is also important and making dietary changes can help them manage their symptoms.
Paleo Diet and its Benefits
The paleo diet follows the premise that our bodies are genetically programmed to eat in the same way as our preagricultural, hunter-gatherer ancestors. This means eating foods like meat, eggs, fruits, vegetables, and nuts and limit whole grains, dairy, refined sugar, and starchy vegetables you eat. It encourages increasing the amount of “healthy fats” in your diet, including omega-3 fatty acids.
Here are some reasons why following the paleo diet may help you manage UC:
- Reduced inflammation: Eliminating certain foods, such as grains and dairy, may reduce inflammation in some people.
- Weight management: The paleo diet eliminates many high calorie processed foods, which may help a person lose weight.
- Blood glucose control: Limited research suggests that a paleo diet may promote better insulin sensitivity, which can help control blood sugar.
- Nutrients: It allows you to get more B vitamins and other nutrients that people with UC often miss out as they suffer from nutrient deficiencies because of rectal bleeding, chronic diarrhea, and poor appetite.
Dietary changes can help people with UC manage their symptoms, but there is no one-size-fits-all diet. Although some people with UC have success with the paleo diet, there is no evidence to prove its efficacy. It can also be restrictive, potentially making it hard to follow and leading to nutritional deficiencies.